Weather Forecast Based Grape Advisory

 Likely weather for next 7 days: 20.08.2014 (Wednesday) to 27.08.2014 (Wednesday)

Parameter

Nasik area

Sangli

Solapur area

Pune  area

Bijapur

Rangareddy

(Hyderabad)

Cloud cover

Partly

Cloudy to overcast

 

 

Cloudy to overcast

 

Cloudy to overcast

 

Partly

Cloudy to

overcast  

 

 

Partly

Cloudy to overcast

 

Partly Cloudy to overcast

 

Rainfall

Drizzling whole week. Low rain on Sat-Sun.

Light rain whole week.

Light rain whole week. Moderate rain on Thus-Fri.

Moderate-Light rain Wed-Thus.

Light Rain on

Wed-Sun.

Light rain whole week.

Temp oC

Min.

Max.

 

21-22

27-30

 

21-22

27-31

 

22-24

28-32

 

21-22

26-29

 

21-23

27-31

 

22-23

29-30

RH (%) Min.

Max.

 

53-81

88-96

 

61-69

89-92

 

56-68

86-92

 

64-78

92-95

 

48-64

81-88

 

84-91

49-56

Wind

7-17

km/hr

9-21

km / hr 

 

6-16

km/ hr.

7-20

km/ hr.

6-21

km / hr.

 

 8-16

km / hr.

Note: Above weather information is summary of weather forecasting given in following websites

http://www.imd.gov.in/,

http://wxmaps.org/pix/prec6.html ,

http://www.accuweather.com

http:// http://www.wunderground.com/

Crop advisory relevant to different places is prepared, by experts, considering forecasted weather, crop growth stages in majority of vineyards and ground information on incidence of different diseases in different grape growing areas received from regular interaction with progressive grape growers. No claims are made on its correctness.

 

 

 

Usefulness of the information on these pages may be communicated to us at dirnrcg@gmail.com

Weather forecast based pest advisory for August 20-27, 2014

वृद्धि अवस्था (बेक प्रूनिंग के पश्चयात दिन) Growth Stage (Days after back pruning)

संभावित पीडक जन्तु जोखिम Likely Pest Risk

थ्रिप्स Thrips

माइट्स Mites

केट्र्पीलर्स Caterpillar

मिलीबग्स Mealybug

तना छेदक Stem borer

जेसीड्स

Jassids

>100

मध्यम Moderate

कम से मध्यम Low to Moderate

अधिक

High

मध्यम Moderate

अधिक High

कम से मध्यम Low to Moderate

 

वातावरण एवं फसल की अवस्थाएँ थ्रिप्स, जेसिड और केट्र्पीलर्स के विकास के लिए उपयुक्त होंगी। थ्रिप्स और जेसिड के नियंत्रण के लिए लेंबड़ा साइहेलोथ्रिन, इमिडाक्लोप्रीड या फिप्रोनिल का प्रयोग प्रभावी है । केट्र्पीलर्स के नियंत्रण के लिए मिथोमिल या लेंबड़ा साइहेलोथ्रिन का प्रयोग प्रभावी है।

Both weather and crop conditions will become favourable for thrips, jassids and caterpillar development in vineyards. For the management of thrips and jassids, lambda cyhalothrin, Imidacloprid or fipronil are effective. For the management of caterpillars, application of methomyl or lambda cyhalothrin is effective.

Disclaimer: The bio-efficacy of insecticides mentioned above is based on the experiments conducted by NRCG. Their use by the farmers is restricted to their CIBRC label claim for various crops.


Advisory for irrigation in hail storm affected vineyards

गारपीटग्रस्त द्राक्षबागामध्ये पाण्याच्या वापरासंदर्भात सल्ला

Advisory based on monitoring of pesticide residue

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Advisory for irrigation in hailstorm affected vineyards

In most of the hailstorm affected vineyards defoliation has taken place. As a result of this the vines are being exposed to direct sunlight. Exposure of vines to direct sunlight under such conditions will lead to drying of permanent vine parts.  Further there has been sever injuries on vine parts and exposure to direct sunlight will further aggravate the problem of drying of arms etc.  and uneven bud break. Hence growers were advised to prune the vineyards early to reduce duration of the exposure to direct sunlight for longer duration.  The pan evaporation in these areas usually ranges from 7 to 8 mm/ day. Accordingly the irrigation requirement in the vineyards will range from 29400 to 33600 liters/ha/ day respectively. Since the vineyards in the affected regions are located in hotter area where the summer temperature goes beyond 40o C and there is scarcity of  irrigation water in these areas to  economies the irrigation water mulching should be used. It is also advised not to apply fertilizer in large doses as this may increase the root zone salinity. Hence fertilisers should be applied  in splits via irrigation water (fertigation).

गारपीटग्रस्त द्राक्षबागामध्ये पाण्याच्या वापरासंदर्भात सल्ला

गारपीट झालेल्या बहुतांश द्राक्षबागामध्ये पानग झालेली आहे आणि पानग झाल्यामुळे बागा थेट सूर्यप्रकाशामध्ये आलेल्या आहेत. बागा थेट सूर्यप्रकाशामध्ये आल्यामुळे झाडांच्या वेलींचे प्रमुख भाग कायमस्वरूपी वाण्याची शक्यता असते. तसेच गारपीट झाल्यामुळे झाडावरती खोल जखमा झालेल्या आहेत. झाडांना झालेल्या जखमा व थेट सूर्यप्रकाश यामुळे वेलींच्या मुख्य फांदया वाण्याची तसेच त्यावर एकसारख्या फूटी न निघण्याची समस्या वाढते. ह्या गोष्टी टाण्यासाठी शेतकऱ्यांनी आपल्या बागांची खरड़ छाटनी लवकरात लवकर घ्यावी, जेणेकरुन बागा थेट सूर्यप्रकाशामध्ये जास्त वे राहणार नाहीत. साधारणपणे गारपीट झालेल्या भागात पैन बाष्पिभवनाचा दर दिवसाला ७ ८ मिमी असा आहे. हयावरून असे दिसून येते की बागेमध्ये दिवसाला दर हेक्टरी २९,४०० ३३,६०० लि. पाण्याची जरूरी भासेल. गारपीट झालेल्या बहुतांश बागामध्ये उन्हायाचे तापमान ४० से. च्या वरती जाते, तसेच ह्या भागामध्ये पाण्याची पण कमतरता आहे, म्हणून बागेमध्ये पानी जास्त वे टिकुन राहण्यासाठी मल्चींग करणे गरजेचे आहे. खतांचा डोस जास्त प्रमाणात वापरल्यास झाडांच्या मुӀजव क्षारांचे प्रमाण वाढण्याची शक्यता असते. हे टाण्यासाठी खतांचा वापर टप्प्या-टप्प्याने विभागून करावा व शक्यतो खते ठिबक सिंचनाद्वारे पाण्यातुन घ्यावी.

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Advisory based on monitoring of pesticide residue

Status of Nation-wide pesticide residue monitoring in table grapes as on: 27/03/2014

No of samples analyzed

6828

No of Alerts issued

1074

No of Alerts revoked

177

No of effective alerts

897

% of failure of samples

13.1%

Major pesticides detected in 2014

* 4-bromo-2-chlorophenol (metabolite of Profenophos)

Abamectin

Hexaconazole

Chlormequat Chloride

Flusilazole

Chlorfenapyr

 

Since more than 50% of the samples failed so far are due to the detection of the non-recommended insecticide profenophos and its metabolite, the growers are advised to strictly adhere to the package of practices recommended by this institute in terms of pre-harvest interval (PHI) to minimize pesticide residue detections in grapes at harvest.

 

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