मानसून 2015 के लिए मौसम पूर्वानुमान आधारित साप्ताहिक आपात योजना
Weather Forecast Based Weekly Contingency Plan for Monsoon 2015

अगले 15 दिनों के लिए मौसम संभावना : 29.06.2015 (सोमवार) से 14.07.2015 (मंगलवार)
 

प्राचल

सटाणा

नासिक क्षेत्र

सांगली क्षेत्र

सोलापुर क्षेत्र 

पुणे क्षेत्र 

बीजापुर 

रंगारेड्डी
(
हेदराबाद)

मंदसौर

अनंतपुर

बादल आच्छादन

 

आंशिक बादल

आंशिक बादल से पूरा बादलों से घिरा हुआ

आंशिक बादल से पूरा बादलों से घिरा हुआ

आंशिक बादल

आंशिक बादल से पूरा बादलों से घिरा हुआ

आंशिक बादल

आंशिक बादल

 

साफ से आंशिक बादल

 

आंशिक बादल

वर्षा

 

सटाणा:

बूंदा-बांदी

सोम (29/06) - मंगल (07/07)।

 

हल्की बारिश

बुध (08/07) - मंगल (14/07)।

नासिक,  शिर्डी, लोनी, पिंपलगाव-बसवंत, ओझर, पालखेड़ दिंडोरी, वनी,  देवला, कलवन:

बूंदा-बांदी

सोम (29/06) - मंगल (07/07)।

 

हल्की बारिश 

बुध (08/07) - मंगल (14/07)।

 

 

निफाड:

बूंदा-बांदी

शुक्र (03/07)

मंगल (07/07)।

 

हल्की बारिश

सोम (29/06)

गुरु (02/07),

बुध (08/07)

मंगल (14/07)।

सांगली,  पलुस, वलवा, तासगाव,  मिरज, शिरगुप्पी,

कागवड, अरग,  वीटे,  खानापुर:

बूंदा-बांदी

शनि (04/07)

बुध (08/07)।

 

हल्की बारिश

सोम (29/06)

शुक्र (03/07),

गुरु (09/07)

मंगल (14/07)।

 

पलसी, शेटफल, कवठे- महंकाळ:

बूंदा-बांदी

सोम (29/06)

गुरु (09/07)

 

हल्की बारिश

शुक्र (10/07)

मंगल (14/07)।

सोलापुर, नाणज, कासेगाव,

वैराग, काटी,

पंढरपुर, पांगरी, बार्सी:

बूंदा-बांदी

शनि (04/07)

बुध (08/07)।

 

हल्की बारिश

सोम (29/06)

शुक्र (03/07),

गुरु (09/07)

मंगल (14/07)।

 

 

तुलजापुर, लातूर,

उस्मानाबाद,  औसा,  आटपाड़ी:

बूंदा-बांदी

गुरु (02/07)

बुध (08/07)।

 

हल्की बारिश

सोम (29/06)

बुध (01/07),

गुरु (09/07)

मंगल (14/07)।

पुणे, फुरसुंगी, जुन्नर,

नारायणगाव:

हल्की बारिश

सोम (29/06) -

बुध (08/07)

 

मध्यम बारिश

गुरु (09/07) -

मंगल (14/07)।

 

 

लोणी-कालभोर, उरुलीकांचन, यवत, पाटस, सुपा, बारामती:

बूंदा-बांदी

शनि (04/07)

गुरु (09/07)

 

हल्की बारिश

सोम (29/06) -

शुक्र (03/07),

शुक्र (10/07) -

मंगल (14/07)।

 

बिजापुर, तिकोटा,

चडचण, तेलसंग:

बूंदा-बांदी

गुरु (02/07) -

बुध (08/07)

 

हल्की बारिश

सोम (29/06) -

बुध (01/07),

गुरु (09/07) -

मंगल (14/07)।

हैद्राबाद,

मेडचल, झाहिराबाद:

बूंदा-बांदी

गुरु (02/07) -

बुध (08/07)

 

हल्की बारिश

सोम (29/06) -

बुध (01/07),

गुरु (09/07) -

मंगल (14/07)।

मंदसौर:

मध्यम बारिश

सोम (29/06) -

गुरु (02/07),

बुध (08/07) -

मंगल (14/07)।

अनंतपुर:

बूंदा-बांदी

सोम (22/06)

मंगल (14/07)।

ताप 

न्यून.

अधिक

 

22-23

30-33

 

21-22

28-30

 

22

28-30

 

23-24

36-38

 

22-23

29-30

 

21-23

31-34

 

23-24

32-34

 

24

31-33

 

23-25

27-30

सा.आर्द्रता 

अधिक. 

न्यून. 

 

81-87

56-63

 

81-87

56-63

 

77-82

53-57

 

70-77

45-50

 

84-88

60-64

 

73-82

50-67

 

73-78

42-51

 

72-78

39-49

 

74-79

44-50

पवन(किमी/घंटा)

11-31

11-29

11-31

5-32

3-27

14-39

8-27

13-27

11-21

Likely weather for next 15 days: 29.06.2015 (Monday) to 14.07.2015 (Tuesday)

Parameter

Satana

Nasik area

Sangli area

Solapur area

Pune area

Bijapur

Rangareddy

(Hyderabad)

Mandsaur

Anantapur

Cloud cover

Partly cloudy

Partly cloudy to Overcast

Partly cloudy to Overcast

Partly cloudy

Partly cloudy to Overcast

Partly cloudy

Partly cloudy

Clear to Partly cloudy

Partly cloudy

Rainfall

Satana:

Drizzling on

Mon(29/06)- Tue(07/07).

 

Light rain on Wed(08/07) Tue(14/07).

Nasik,  Shirdi, Loni,  Pimpalgoan-Baswant, Ojhar, Palkhed, Dindori, Vani,  Kalwan, Devla:

Drizzling on

Mon(29/06)-Tue(07/07).

 

Light rain on Wed(08/07)-Tue(14/07).

 

 

Niphad:

Drizzling on

Fri(03/07)-  Tue(07/07).

 

Light rain on Mon(29/06)-  Thu(02/07),

Wed(08/07)-  Tue(14/07).

 

 

Sangli,  Palus, Valva, Tasgoan,   Miraj,  Vite,  Shirguppi, Kagvad, Arag,  Khanapur :

Drizzling on Sat(04/07)-Wed(08/07).

 

Light rain on Mon(29/06)-Fri(03/07),

Thu(09/07)- Tue(14/07).

 

 

Shetfal, Palsi, Kavthe- Mahankal:

Drizzling on Mon(29/06)-Thu(09/07)

 

Light rain on Fri(10/07)-Tue(14/07).

Solapur, Nanaj, Vairag, Kati, Pandharpur,  Kasegaon, Pangri, Barsi:

Drizzling on Sat(04/07)-Wed(08/07).

 

Light rain on Mon(29/06)-Fri(03/07),

Thu(09/07)- Tue(14/07).

 

 

Osmanabad, Tuljapur,  Atpadi,  Latur,  Ausa:

Drizzling on Thu(02/07)-Wed(08/07).

 

Light rain on Mon(29/06)-Wed(01/07),

Thu(09/07)- Tue(14/07).

 

Pune, Phursungi,  Junnar,

Narayangaon:

Light rain on Mon(29/06)- Wed(08/07).

 

Moderate rain on Thu(09/07)- Tue(14/07).

 

 

Lonikalbhor,

Urulikanchan,

Yavat, Supa,

Patas,

Baramati:

Drizzling on Sat(04/07)-  Thu(09/07).

 

Light rain on Mon(29/06)- Fri(03/07),

Fri(10/07)-  Tue(14/07).

 

Bijapur, Tikota, Telsang, Chadchan:

Drizzling on Thu(02/07)-Wed(08/07).

 

Light rain on Mon(29/06)-Wed(01/07),

Thu(09/07)- Tue(14/07).

 

Hyderabad, Medchal,  Zahirabad:

Drizzling on Thu(02/07)-Wed(08/07).

 

Light rain on Mon(29/06)-Wed(01/07),

Thu(09/07)- Tue(14/07).

Mandsaur:

Moderate rain on Mon(29/06)- Thu(02/07),

Wed(08/07)-

Tue(14/07).

 

Anantapur:

Drizzling on Mon(29/06) - Tue(14/07).

 

Temp (oC )

Min.

Max.

 

22-23

30-33

 

21-22

28-30

 

22

28-30

 

23-24

36-38

 

22-23

29-30

 

21-23

31-34

 

23-24

32-34

 

24

31-33

 

23-25

27-30

RH (%)

Max

Min.

 

81-87

56-63

 

81-87

56-63

 

77-82

53-57

 

70-77

45-50

 

84-88

60-64

 

73-82

50-67

 

73-78

42-51

 

72-78

39-49

 

74-79

44-50

Wind (km/hr)

11-31

11-29

11-31

5-32

3-27

14-39

8-27

13-27

11-21

 

Note: Above weather information is summary of weather forecasting given in following websites

http://www.imd.gov.in/, http://wxmaps.org/pix/prec6.html , http://www.fallingrain.com/world/IN/, http://www.wunderground.com/.

Crop advisory relevant to different places is prepared, by experts, considering forecasted weather, crop growth stages in majority of vineyards and ground information on incidence of different diseases in different grape growing areas received from regular interaction with progressive grape growers. No claims are made on its correctness.

Viticulture Advisory for 23-30 June 2015

I.    Canopy management

Timely pruned vineyard: During this period, due to cloudy weather, rainfall and also build-up of relative humidity in the atmosphere, the growers may experience more shoot vigor. The increase in vigor will result into dense canopy that may ultimately improve the micro climate. Hence, diseases like downy mildew and anthracnose may become serious problem in this type of gardens. The growers are advised to control the vogor by shoot tip pinching and application of potash through drip or one or two spray @ 4-5g/lit). This will help to arrest the vegetative growth and fasten the cane maturity. In the gardens, where the basal leaf removal has not been done, it is advised to remove 2-3 basal leaf so as to improve the aeration and reduce the micro climate.

Late pruned vineyard: At this stage, the vines must be in the stage of fruit bud differentiation. With the rainfall and increase in relative humidity may lead to reduction in fruitfulness of vine. At this stage, extension of cordon for development of few more shoots should be discouraged. We may get few extra shoots, but the fruit bud differentiation will be difficult. The increase in canopy may delay the cane maturity and also encourage the fungal diseases. Spray of growth regulator (6-Ba@10 ppm and uracil @ 50 ppm) will help to increase the fruit bud in the shoots. Removal of 2-3 basal leaf on each shoot will help to reduce the microclimate and control the diseases

Rootstock planted gardens:  After re-cut, there will be as many as 15-20 shoots arising from the ground. All the shoots are not required and also it may lead to all the weak shoots. Hence, retention of healthy and straight growing 3 shoots to be retained and all other shoots are to be removed. This will help to achieve 8-10 mm shoot diameter required for grafting during the month of Sept- October.  

II.    Water and Nutrient Management

In case of both April and May pruned vineyards, the vines are at Cane maturity and Fruit Development stage. Provide irrigation through drip @ 8400 litre/ha/day in case no rains are received.  Any deficit during this stage could reduce the vine yield by 8- 10% during Fruit pruning season. In case rain exceeds 5 mm on a given day, irrigation water application can be skipped for that day.  As a thumb rule, do not irrigate the vines if the soil moisture is at field capacity (wapsa condition). Potassium application is required from Cane maturity stage onwards.

III.    Growth Regulators Management

As the monsoon started from 12th June 2015, in many places rainfall or drizzling rain may occur. This kind of climate leads to excess shoot vigor hence this has to be avoiding by the application of potash which may also result in disease prevention. Because CCC (chlormequat chloride) cannot be used to prevent the excess vigor since its residue and persistence in grapes is the biggest problem. In places like Satana and Malegaon fruit pruning may start, for uniform sprouting hydrogen cyanamide @ 40ml/litre may sufficient since the humidity in this region may be near or above 80 %.

For late pruned vineyards, where shoots are of 40 to 60 days old, application of uracil may twice or thrice @ 25 g/100litre of water at 5 days interval may result in increasing the fruitfulness.  No other growth regulator is permitted by CIB (Central Insecticide Board).

Hence, use of uracil for fruitfulness, avoidance of excess shoot vigor and use of hydrogen cyanamide in respective regions/periods are advised.

IV.    Insect Pest Management

वृद्धि अवस्था (फॉरवर्ड प्रूनिंग के पश्चयात)

संभावित पीडक जन्तु जोखिम

थ्रिप्स

माइट्स

केट्र्पीलर्स

मिलीबग्स

जेसीड्स

70-100

मध्यम से अधिक

कम

मध्यम से अधिक

मध्यम

मध्यम

मिलिबग के नियंत्रण के लिए मिथोमिल 40 एस पी @ 1.0 ग्राम प्रति लिटर या बुप्रोफेज़िन 25 एससी @ 1.25 मिलि प्रति लिटर पानी का प्रयोग किया जा सकता है। थ्रिप्स एवं केट्र्पीलर्स दोनों को नियंत्रित करने के लिए इमामेक्टिन बेन्ज़ोयट 5 एसजी @ 0.22 ग्राम/लीटर की दर से छिड़काव किया जा सकता है। थ्रिप्स एवं जेसीड्स दोनों को नियंत्रित करने के लिए फिप्रोनिल 80 डब्ल्यू जी @ 0.05 ग्राम/लीटर की दर से छिड़काव किया जा सकता है।

स्टेम बोरर कीट की प्रोढ़ अवस्था बाहर निकलना शुरू है और इन प्रोढ़ कीटों के नियंत्रण के लिए फिप्रोनिल 5 एस जी @ 0.05 ग्राम/लिटर, लेम्ब्डा सायहेलोथ्रिन 5 सी एस @ 0.5 मिली/लिटर, या इमिडाक्लोप्रिड 17.8 एस एल @ 0.3 मिली/लिटर प्रभावी हैं । मिथोमिल 40 एस पी @ 1.0 ग्राम/लिटर स्टेम बोरर के अंडों को मारने के लिए प्रयोग किया जा सकता है क्योंकि स्टेम बोरर ने अंडे देना शुरू कर दिया है।

Growth Stage (Days after foundation pruning)

Likely Pest Risk

Thrips

Mites

Caterpillars

Mealybugs

Jassids

70-100

Moderate to High

Low

Moderate to High

Moderate

Moderate

For the management of mealybugs, spot application of Methomyl 40 SP @ 1.0 g/L or Buprofezin 25 SC @ 1.25 ml/L water can be given. To control both thrips and caterpillars, application of emamectin benzoate 5 SG @ 0.22 g/L water is helpful. To control both thrips and jassids, fipronil 80 WG @ 0.05g/L can be used.

Further, stem borer adults of new species, Stromatium barbatum started emerging in areas where first showers were received and spraying of fipronil 80 WG @ 0.05 g/L, lambda cyhalothrin 5 SG @ 0.22 g/L, or imidacloprid 17.8 SL @ 0.3 ml/L is effective to kill these adults. To know the emergence time of adults, install light traps near vineyards keeping the light source at two feet above ground level. Egg laying by Stromatium barbatum has also started and methomyl 40 SP @ 1.0 g/L is effective ovicidal chemical which can be used as stem and cordons wash with 2000 liters water per hectare.

 

Contributors:

  1. Dr. S.D. Sawant: Weather forecast and disease management

  2. Dr. R.G. Somkuwar: Canopy management

  3. Dr. A.K. Upadhyay: Water and nutrient management

  4. Dr. S. D. Ramteke: Growth regulators management

  5. Dr. D. S. Yadav: Insect pest management

  6. Mr. Prasad C. Navale: Weather forecast

 

Usefulness of this information may be communicated to us at dirnrcg@gmail.com.

Advisory on Stem Borer March 26-Apr 1, 2015

Management strategy against thrips in grapes in Nasik region

Advisory for irrigation in hail storm affected vineyards

गारपीटग्रस्त द्राक्षबागामध्ये पाण्याच्या वापरासंदर्भात सल्ला

Advisory based on monitoring of pesticide residue

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Advisory for irrigation in hailstorm affected vineyards

In most of the hailstorm affected vineyards defoliation has taken place. As a result of this the vines are being exposed to direct sunlight. Exposure of vines to direct sunlight under such conditions will lead to drying of permanent vine parts.  Further there has been sever injuries on vine parts and exposure to direct sunlight will further aggravate the problem of drying of arms etc.  and uneven bud break. Hence growers were advised to prune the vineyards early to reduce duration of the exposure to direct sunlight for longer duration.  The pan evaporation in these areas usually ranges from 7 to 8 mm/ day. Accordingly the irrigation requirement in the vineyards will range from 29400 to 33600 liters/ha/ day respectively. Since the vineyards in the affected regions are located in hotter area where the summer temperature goes beyond 40o C and there is scarcity of  irrigation water in these areas to  economies the irrigation water mulching should be used. It is also advised not to apply fertilizer in large doses as this may increase the root zone salinity. Hence fertilisers should be applied  in splits via irrigation water (fertigation).

गारपीटग्रस्त द्राक्षबागामध्ये पाण्याच्या वापरासंदर्भात सल्ला

गारपीट झालेल्या बहुतांश द्राक्षबागामध्ये पानग झालेली आहे आणि पानग झाल्यामुळे बागा थेट सूर्यप्रकाशामध्ये आलेल्या आहेत. बागा थेट सूर्यप्रकाशामध्ये आल्यामुळे झाडांच्या वेलींचे प्रमुख भाग कायमस्वरूपी वाण्याची शक्यता असते. तसेच गारपीट झाल्यामुळे झाडावरती खोल जखमा झालेल्या आहेत. झाडांना झालेल्या जखमा व थेट सूर्यप्रकाश यामुळे वेलींच्या मुख्य फांदया वाण्याची तसेच त्यावर एकसारख्या फूटी न निघण्याची समस्या वाढते. ह्या गोष्टी टाण्यासाठी शेतकऱ्यांनी आपल्या बागांची खरड़ छाटनी लवकरात लवकर घ्यावी, जेणेकरुन बागा थेट सूर्यप्रकाशामध्ये जास्त वे राहणार नाहीत. साधारणपणे गारपीट झालेल्या भागात पैन बाष्पिभवनाचा दर दिवसाला ७ ८ मिमी असा आहे. हयावरून असे दिसून येते की बागेमध्ये दिवसाला दर हेक्टरी २९,४०० ३३,६०० लि. पाण्याची जरूरी भासेल. गारपीट झालेल्या बहुतांश बागामध्ये उन्हायाचे तापमान ४० से. च्या वरती जाते, तसेच ह्या भागामध्ये पाण्याची पण कमतरता आहे, म्हणून बागेमध्ये पानी जास्त वे टिकुन राहण्यासाठी मल्चींग करणे गरजेचे आहे. खतांचा डोस जास्त प्रमाणात वापरल्यास झाडांच्या मुӀजव क्षारांचे प्रमाण वाढण्याची शक्यता असते. हे टाण्यासाठी खतांचा वापर टप्प्या-टप्प्याने विभागून करावा व शक्यतो खते ठिबक सिंचनाद्वारे पाण्यातुन घ्यावी.

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Advisory based on monitoring of pesticide residue

Status of Nation-wide pesticide residue monitoring in table grapes as on: 20/03/2015

No of samples analyzed

6508

No of Alerts issued

826

No of Alerts revoked

45

No of effective alerts

781

% of failure of samples

12.0%

Major pesticides detected in 2015

Flonicamid (sum of flonicamid, TNFG and TNFA) (R)

Forchlorfenuron (CPPU)

Flusilazole

Cyantraniliprole

Abamectin (sum of avermectin B1a, avermectinB1b and delta-8,9 isomer of avermectin B1a)

4-bromo-2-chlorophenol (metabolite of Profenophos)

 

Since more than 50% of the samples failed so far are due to the detection of the non-recommended insecticide Flonicamid and its metabolite, the growers are advised to strictly adhere to the package of practices recommended by this institute in terms of pre-harvest interval (PHI) to minimize pesticide residue detections in grapes at harvest.

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